Anatomical Terminology

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1 min 47 sec

Guide to Medical and Anatomical Terminology

This guide aims to demystify the medical and anatomical terminology often encountered in TV programs and daily life, providing clear explanations for commonly used terms.

The Anatomical Position

The standard anatomical position is standing with palms facing forward, serving as a reference point for describing anatomical structures and locations.

Key Terms Explained

Understanding specific terms related to body orientation and position:

  • Midline: The central line dividing the body from the nose to between the feet.
  • Anterior: Refers to the front of the midline.
  • Posterior: Refers to the rear of the midline.

Relative Positions in the Body

Terms used to describe the relative positions of body parts:

  • Proximal: Nearest to the point of attachment or reference.
  • Distal: Furthest from the point of attachment or reference.
  • Superior: Higher up in position.
  • Inferior: Lower down in position.

Medial and Lateral Orientation

Describing the position relative to the midline of the body:

  • Medial: Towards the midline of the body.
  • Lateral: Away from the midline of the body.

Additional Anatomical Terms

Other useful terms in anatomical description:

  • Sub: Refers to below or underneath a structure or point.

For more in-depth information or queries regarding medical and anatomical terminology, consider consulting a medical professional or anatomist.