Synovial Joints

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Different Types of Synovial Joints in the Human Body

This guide provides an overview of various types of synovial joints, highlighting their unique characteristics and locations in the human body.

Pivot Joint

Example: Atlas and axis at the top of the spine, enabling rotational movement.

Saddle Joint

Location: Carpometacarpal joints.

Function: Allows up and down motion, but not rotation. A prime example is the thumb movement.

Gliding Joint

Location: Acromioclavicular joint.

Function: Facilitates sliding movements, aiding in shoulder joint rotation.

Ball and Socket Joint

Example: Hip joint, allowing full movement in all directions.

Hinge Joint

Location: Knee joint.

Function: Permits back and forth movement with minimal rotational movement.

Ellipsoid Joint

Location: Metacarpophalangeal joints (knuckles).

Characteristic: Similar to ball and socket joints but with more restricted movement.

For more detailed information on synovial joints and their functions in human movement, consult a healthcare professional or anatomist.