The Tongue

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The Human Tongue: A Key Organ in Taste, Speech, and Swallowing

This guide delves into the multifaceted nature of the human tongue, highlighting its functions and common health concerns.

Anatomy of the Tongue

The tongue is a muscular organ in the mouth, composed of muscles, nerves, and taste buds. It's covered with papillae, small protrusions containing taste buds to detect five basic tastes: sweet, salty, sour, bitter, and savoury.

Functions of the Tongue

  • Taste Perception: Identifies and distinguishes different tastes.
  • Speech Production: Works with lips, teeth, and other oral organs to create sounds.
  • Food Digestion: Aids in chewing, mixing food with saliva, and swallowing.

Tongue Health and Conditions

Common issues affecting the tongue include infections, inflammation, and cancer. Noticeable changes like swelling, pain, or discolouration should prompt medical consultation.

For more information on tongue health or concerns, consult a healthcare professional or a dentist.